Undergoing kidney dialysis or transplant is by no means easy or cheap. However, thanks to advanced technology, there is hope for those suffering with chronic kidney disease. Research done by Vanderbilt University has progressed in the creation of an artificial kidney. Its key components are a combination of microchips and living kidney cells. Using silicon nanotechnology, these microchips will act as filters and as a platform for living kidney cells that will grow on top and around them, absorbing essential nutrients and getting rid of the wastes the body does not need. The artificial kidney will function using the human blood flow. In addition, it will be less susceptible to rejections by the immune system as the kidney cells will sit within the device, away from the body’s immune response. Trials could begin by the end of 2017.